Bismil-Laahir-Rahmaa Nir- Raheem
Allaah, in whose name I begin, is the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
Allaah [Subhanhu Wa Ta'alaa] says in the Quraan:
"Hajj [pilgrimage to Makkah to the house [Ka`bah] is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses"
[Soorah Al `Imraan: ]
Hajj as stated in Soorah Imraan, is a pilgrimage to the House of the Ka’bah and is a duty that mankind owes to Almighty Allaah, those who are able and can afford the expense. Hajj is one of the main pillars of Islaam that occurs in the 12th month of the Islamic Calendar, and it occurs mainly from days 8 to the 12th of this month. Hajj was declared compulsory in 9 A.H. It is an absolutely mandatory obligation. Hajj is compulsory only once in a lifetime. Hajj goes back to Prophet Abraham [Ibraaheem] [Alaiehis-Salaam] during the 7th century and was officially considered a pillar of Islaam through our Beloved Prophet Muhammad [Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam].
"He who performs Hajj for Almighty Allaah's [God]pleasure and avoids all sins will return after Hajj free from all sins as he was the day his mother gave birth to him."
The literal meaning of "Hajj" is to intend or plan for and according to Shar'ee terminology it means to stop at 'Arafaat [the vast expense near Makkah where major Hajj rite is performed on 9th Zillhaj after wearing"Ihraam"[unstitched clothes] and to perform circumambulation of "Ka'bah" [the House of Allaah].
Significances and excellence's, of the Hajj:
Hajj is the best means to strengthen religious communication and coordination among the Muslims’ of the whole world hailing from different countries with their separate nationality, race, language and color and to collect them on a single platform thereby making them rally round the banner of "Kalimah Tauheed" [the Code of Oneness of Allaah Subhanhu Wa Ta'alaa] which is the pivot of Islaam.
The simple unstitched white clothing which Prophet Aadam [Alaiehis-Salaam] wore is proposed for Haajis so that the Muslims who all believe in One Allaah, one Messenger, one Book and one Ka'bah look alike sans any social ranking and status thereby to demonstrate outward religious harmony and cohesion too.
It project the glory and truthfulness of Islaam besides earning believers the benefits and gains of the air, land and sea travels.
Most of Hajj's sites are either prominent symbols of Allaah Almighty or have attachments with the Messengers and Prophets which refresh the memory of the sacred traditions and remind of the events of Divine blessings and mercy attached with these signs.
The importance and significance of Hajj [the holy pilgrimage] can be gauged from the facts that:
It is the fifth pillar of Islaam.
It erases the past sins of the pilgrim.
It is a "Jihaad" [holy crusade, supreme effort] of the weak and women.
It removes poverty as the blacksmith's furnace separates dross from iron.
The reward of Hajj [accepted by Allaah Almighty] is nothing but paradise.
Allaah Almighty forgives "Haaji" [the pilgrim] and those too for whom he prays.
Haaji will intercede for four hundred of his family members on the Day of Judgement.
"Haajis" [the pilgrims] are delegates, guests of Allaah Kareem. Allaah summoned them and they presented themselves to His service. They supplicated Him and He granted them.
There is peace for Haaji in this world and absolution in the hereafter.
The one who leaves his home for Hajj and dies in the way will keep gaining the reward of every year's Hajj till the Doomsday. He will not be made to account for his doings on the Judgment Day and will be entered into heavens without reckoning.
Haaji [whether he performs Hajj or 'Umrah [lesser Hajj]) is in the security of Allaah. If he dies in the process, he will be entered into paradise and if returns home after completion of Hajj or 'Umrah as the case may be then he will carry with him forgiveness and divine favors’.
In short, the Divine Law which the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) brought with him is so comprehensive and practical that it covers all temporal and spiritual affairs. Its each and every word abounds with wisdom and reasons which is evident from the fact that the worldly and spiritual benefits and objectives of Islamic commands and worships are before the whole world and will continue coming to the fore until the Doomsday.
Briefly, the Haaji embarks on a new phase of his life which carries temporal as well as spiritual gains and successes. So Hajj is not only a pillar of Islamic faith but it also influences every aspect and sector of moral, social, economic, political and national life of the Muslims besides being a towering symbol of the position they enjoy in the community of nations.
The Muslims who gather round the "Baitul Laah" [the House of Allaah]reaching there from the four corners of the earth facing and braving the toils of journey and changing of the seasons meet with and become aware of one another's conditions and problems. This grand assembly not only infuses in them a spirit of joint cooperation and unity but also characterizes them as the members of one nation, one race and one family. The Haaji is required to be the essence of virtue, peace, self-control and self-sacrifice during the Hajj days.
He must abstain from quarreling and troubling others and even killing an ant. This standard of inward and outward purification set by Islaam for worship is so lofty that it has not only impressed and won over the hearts of the believers but also of the disbelievers.
The holy Makkah is, indeed, the history of social and religious evolution of mankind. It became a preaching centre of a particular family during the Prophethood of Ibraaheem [Alaiehis Salaam] and during the Prophet hood of Prophet Ismaaeel [Alaiehis Salaam] it was a settlement of some tents and huts and then it gradually developed into a religious town of Arabia.
After the advent of Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) it became the stronghold of Muslim world. There is in the holy Qur'aan that the whole of Haram along with miles of outlying territory on all its sides has been made "Marja'-o-Maaman" [asylum, haven] for all Muslims of the world.
Hundreds of thousands of Muslims visit Ka'batul Laah" (the House of Allaah) and perform 'Umrah all the year round. Multitude of believers hailing from every part of the world visit it every year for Hajj. This practice is not just decades' old but is continously going on since the time of Prophet Ibraaheem [Alaiehis Salaam] for about four millenniums...
The Ka'bah's being "Maaman" [safe and secure haven] and protected from every type of mischief and evil does not embrace only the structure of Ka'bah or the grand mosque round it but also includes the outlying territory on all its sides where even hunting is forbidden under the Command of Islaam what to speak of killing a human being. Even during the days of ignorance before the advent of Islaam, the Haram used to be a safe and secure haven where during the reigns of infidels and polytheists the hardened criminals would also succeed in taking refuge under the walls of Ka'bah after committing heinous crimes.
One of the "Adiyah" [supplications] made by Prophet Ibraheem [Alaiehis Salaam]while constructing the holy Ka'bah was:
"O'Allaah! Make Makkah city a place of peace and security." The peace and security in Haram [holy Ka'bah], Makkah city and in its adjoining areas has no parallel. Neither robberies take place nor caravans are looted and nor people murdered but instead if a murderer enters into Haram and takes refuge, he cannot be killed there. Even the polytheist Arabs maintained such sanctity of the holy Ka'bah and Makkah.
The other Du'aa of Prophet Ibraaheem [Alaiehis Salaam] was that the inhabitants of Makkah would keep getting fruits and vegetables and in fact it is so. Plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables and dry fruits are available there not withstanding the fact that the soil of Makkah is either hard-sandy or hard-stony and it also receives little rains.
In brief, the holy Makkah and Ka'bah have been the sacred and worship places of Arabs since the ancient times. It was first constructed by Prophet Aadam [Alaiehis Salaam] and after its demolition Holy Prophet Ibraaheem [Alaiehis Salaam] and Prophet Ismaaeel [Alaiehis Salaam] constructed it anew.
The Holy Qur-aan terms the Ka'bah first "Ma'bad" [place of worship] which reflects that the Ka'bah is more ancient than "Baitul Muqaddas". "Bakkah" is the other name of Makkah. This city is the fount of spiritual and mundane and religious and worldly blessings and benefits for believers.
The eminence, sanctity and superiority of this holy city and holy house have been touched upon by the Holy Qur-aan and Prophetic sayings at places and under different titles. The Holy Prophet(Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) said: "this Ummat will remain in good so long as it upholds the sanctity of Haram and when people will abandon it they will perish."
This is the very city that has the honor of being the birthplace and homeland of the "Mercy" for all the worlds [the Holy Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) ]. The Islaam sprang from here and it was the first center of Islamic teachings.
This is an unstitched clothing without which a pilgrim cannot cross "Meeqaat". It is composed of two sheets, preferably of white and new cloth otherwise old clean cloth - one to be used to cover the upper body and the other to wrap round the waist [Tahband]. This is, in a way, a dress to present oneself in the Most Exalted Court of Allaah Almighty - a clean, simple, seamless clothing.
It means to utter "Labbaiek" ….
‘Labbaiek Al-Laahumma Labbaiek. Labbaieka Laa Shareeka Laka Labbaiek. Innal Hamda Wane'mata Laka wal Mulk. Laa Shareeka Lak’.
Utterance of Labbaiek once is must for Ihraam and Niyat [intention] is condition for it.
The vast area around the holy Makkah having boundary lines on all sides. This include the whole Makkah [city], Minaa and Muzdalifa with the exclusion of' Arafaat. It is Haraam [unlawful] to hurt the beasts even the wild pigeon’s within the limits of Haram-e-Ka'bah and even to uproot the grass of the holy land is unlawful.
Encircling the holy Ka'bah remaining within the precincts of "Masjidul Haram" [the grand masjid round the Ka'bah] in a specified manner is called Tawaaf.
The Masjidul Haram is a vast circular compound that has numerous verandahs and passages on its edges with the holy Ka'bah situated in centre. There is a circle round the Ka'bah which is called "Mataaf' [the place of performing circumambulation].
The corner of the House of Allaah Kareem [Khaana-e-Ka'bah] where two walls of it meet is called angle. The Khaana-e-Ka'bah has four corners:
This corner is situated in the south-east direction and "Hajar-e-Aswad" [the holy black-stone] is embedded in this wall high [from the ground].
This corner is situated in the north-east. The holy door of the Ka'bah is installed in the eastern wall, located between these two corners, very [high from the ground].
It is situated in the northwest direction. If the pilgrim stands facing Hajar-e-Aswad, he will face "Baitul Muqaddas" [Jerusalem (Al-Qudus).
It is located in the west-south.
It is that portion of the eastern wall which is spread from Rukn-e-Aswad to the holy door of the Ka'bah. After having performed Tawaaf the pilgrims offer prayer and make "Du'aa" [supplication] at "Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem" [the station of Prophet Ibraaheem [Alaiehis Salaam] and then kiss, embrace and stretch out their hands high on this wall [Multazim].
It is "Parnaalah" made of gold [a golden outlet to drain rain-water] fixed on the roof of holy Ka'bah resting on the northern wall which is situated between Rukne-e-'Iraaqee and Rukn-e-Shaamee.
A portion of land adjacent to the same northern wall which is surrounded by a low curvy [bow-like] wall having passages on both sides.
It is that part of the western wall situated between Rukne-e-Yamaanee and Rukn-e-Shaamee which is opposite to the Multazim.
The southern wall situated between Rukne-e-Yamaanee and Rukn-e-Aswad where seventy thousand Angels are posted to say "Aameen" on the supplications [Du'aa]of the pilgrims. That's why it is called "Mustajaab" [the spot where supplications are answered].
It denotes the act of placing [both ends of] sheet on the left shoulder passing under the right arm-pit before performing Tawaaf. Thus keeping the right shoulder bare.
To walk briskly with short steps moving the shoulders with the chest out [indicative of strength and bravery) in the first three circuits of Tawaaf. Neither to jump nor run in the process.
To kiss Hajar-e-Aswad placing the palms of both hands on it with the face between them, if possible, otherwise touch the hands or stick with it and kiss them/that or give it a flying kiss.
It is a black stone which serves as a point for the pilgrims to begin from and end at it their Tawaaf of the House of Allaah Almighty. There is in Hadees that Hajarul Aswad was whiter than milk when sent down from heavens. It were the faults [sins] of mankind which blackened it.
There is a stone placed in glass case before the door of holy Ka'bah which has the imprints of the feet of Prophet Ibraaheem [Alaiehis-Salaam] who rest his feet on it while constructing the holy Ka'bah. Allaah Almighty has counted "Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem in "Aayaat-e-Baieynaat" [categorical proof of the Divinity].
QUBBAH ZAMZAM SHAREEF:
This "Qubbah" [dome] is situated in the south from Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem within the precincts of the grand masjid which has the well of Zamzam.
One of the southern gates of the grand masjid which leads to Safaa hill.
It is situated in the south of holy Ka'bah. There was a hill in the ancient time but now there exists only a trace of it. A long verandah has been constructed here facing the Qiblah which has stairs to get on it.
This is other hill which is situated in the east of Safaa having just a trace of hill. There is also a verandah facing the Qiblah with stairs. There is a market on the right hand [from Safaa to Marwah] and on the left is the precincts of Masjidul Haraam [grand masjid].
The two green spots [between Safaa and Marwah] where green tube-lights remain on round the clock.
The distance between these two green spots which is covered by marching quickly without running and hurting other pilgrims.
Marching from Safee to Marwah and Marwah to Safaa and marching quickly between Meelaien-e-Akhdaraien is called Sa'ee.
To get the head shaved off. Doing so is a commendable act.
To get the hair [of the head] cropped. Doing so is permissible.
Staying in 'Arafaat on 9th Zilhij and to busy oneself in Zikr, Labbaiek, Du'aa, Durood Shareef, Istighfaar and Kalimah-e-Tauheed [remembrance of Allaah Almighty, supplication, invocation of Allaah's blessings on the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam), seeking forgiveness of Allaah and Code of Evidence]. And particularly to devote oneself to Du'aa after having offered Zuhr and Asr prayers till the sunset, is called Wuqoof-e-'Arafah.
The staying place in 'Arafaat for which there is an injunction that the pilgrims should busy themselves in Zikr and Du'aa in standing posture here after offering prayer till the sunset.
It is one of the Haram's rivulets in 'Arafaat which is located in the west of Namrah masjid [towards the holy Ka'bah]. To stay here is impermissible. If any pilgrim halts or stay here, his/her Hajj will not be in order.
MASJID-E-NAMRAH: It is a big masjid situated at the corner of 'Arafaat ground.
It is a large field between 'Arafaat and Minaa which is situated at a distance of nearly three miles from 'Arafaat and Minaa is about at the same distance from it [Muzdalifah]. There is in a narrative that Prophet Aadam [Alaiehis Salaam] and Hazrat Hawwa [Alaiehis Salaam] met in Muzdalifah after the Prophet's supplication was answered in 'Arafaat.
It is a narrow passage between the hills of 'Arafaat and Muzdalifah. The Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) had adopted this way to reach Muzdalifah from 'Arafaat.
It is the name of that particular place which is situated between the two hills of Muzdalifah. The Muzdalifah as a whole is also called Mash'ar-e-Haraam. There was a dome at the Wuqoof [staying place] of the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) in Muzdalifah but now a masjid has been constructed here which is called Masjid-e- Mash'ar-ul-Haraam. Mash'ar-e-Haraam is also called Quzah.
It is the very place where elephants of "As-haabil Feil" [the men of elephants] had refused to rush the Holy Ka'bah and were perished.
It is a vast field situated at the foot of hills. The pilgrims arrive at here from Muzdalifah and observe "Ramee Jimaar" and sacrifice animals.
It is the big and famous masjid of Minaa. "Kheef' means valley. There is in a narrative that seventy Prophets are buried here. This masjid has a eight-faceted dome where, as reported in narratives, many Prophets offered prayers. The tent of the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) was also pitched here.
Throwing pebbles against "Jimaars" (three pillars symbolizing Satans) erected in Minaa.
The three stone-pillars symbolizing Satans set up in Minaa are called "Jimaar". The first one is called "Jamratul Oolaa" the second as "Jamratul Wustaa" and the third one is called "Jamratul Uqbah". The pilgrims will find Jamratul Uqubah first on way to Minaa from holy Makkah.
The following are the visit able places, sites although these sacred places are no more in their pristine form yet the believers should visit them to earn blessings and graces gratis and make Du'aa for themselves and for their dear and near ones.
JANNAT UL MA'LAA:
It is the famous graveyard of holy Makkah which is situated at a distance of about one mile from Masjidul Haraam [the holy Ka'bah] on way to Minaa. The hallowed graveyard is superior to all graveyards under the Sun except for "Jannatul Baqee" [the sacred graveyard of holy Madinah]. Some companions and many saints and savants are taking rest [buried] here. Now this graveyard is divided by a road passing through it. The one half located towards the holy Makkah is new [newly expanded] portion of it and the other which is situated towards Minaa is old one. The sacred grave of Hazrat Saiyyidinah Khadeejah [Allaah be pleased with her] is in the old portion.
MAKAAN-E-KHADEEJAT UL KUBRAA:
The Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) stayed in this house until his migration to the holy city of Madinah. His dear daughter Hazrat Faatimah [Allaah be pleased with her] was born here.
The Holy Prophet [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] was born in this sacred house which is situated in "Shaabe 'Alee". Now there is a library at this place.
[Allaah be pleased with him]
The Holy Prophet [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] visited this house several times. He proceeded to "Ghaar-e-Saur" [the Saur cave] for migration from this house. Now a masjid namely "Masjid-e-Abu Bakr" has been constructed at this site.
It was the preaching spot of the Holy Prophet [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] . Hazrat 'Umar Farooque [Allaah be pleased with him] had embraced Islaam here. This place is located in front of the first of the doors of Haram constructed to the side of Safaa. The word "Daar-e-Arqam" is inscribed on the arch of this door.
GHAAR-E-HIRAA:This cave is situated on "Jabal-e-Noor" [the hill of light] not at a great height. It is 15 ft. in length and 10 ft. in width. It is the very cave where the Holy Prophet [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] had received first "Vahee" [revelation].
This cave is located in the mountain of Saur nearly three miles away from the holy Makkah at the height of about 1 to 1-1/2 miles. Now there are steps to climb the mountain. The Holy Prophet [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] had stayed in this cave for three days and nights when he set off on migration from holy Makkah to the sacred Madinah.
This cave is situated near Masjid-e-Kheef. The pilgrims will find it on their right side on way to 'Arafaat. Surah Mursalaat was revealed to the Holy Prophet [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] here.
The Prophet [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] had great love for this city. He once said that
"There is a cure for every disease in the dust of Madinah"
"The person, who comes solely for the purpose of paying a visit to my grave, has a right on me that I should intercede for him."
And he has also said: "The person, who performs Hajj and then visits my Tomb, will be regarded as though he had seen me in my worldly life." [Baihaqi]
The holy shrine of the Holy Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) and every nook and cranny of Masjid un Nabee particularly the old portion of the masjid are the most sacred and honorable place to visit. Pulpit of the Holy Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam), "Riyaad [Riyaaz]ul Jannah" [the heaven garden] situated between the pulpit and "Hujrah" [chamber,room] of the Holy Prophet and pillars of the masjid are the sacred places to have oneself blessed with.
Oh pilgrims! Come and see the grave of the Emperor in Madinah ;
You have seen the ka'abah; Now see the Ka'abah of this ka'aba.
You drank 'zam-zam' water and quenched your hearts thirst plentiful;
Come and see the generosity of the Prophet's [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] river of mercy.
You have enjoyed drops from the 'Meezab e Rahmat' happily;
See now the daily heavy rain from the clouds of mercy.
You have seen the crowd of worshippers at the ka'abah door;
See here an assembly of the fond lovers writhing ever more.
You have been whirling like a moth round the ka'abah candle there;
See your candle acting like a whirling moth here.
You have kissed the cover-sheet of the ka'abah with your eyes reverently;
See here the curtains of the beloved's palace waving gently.
There you saw the believers shuddering with fear;
See the wrong doers pleading for their salvation here.
First you saw the dazzling lights of Gracious Allaah’s House;
See finally the soothing lights of the Prophet's [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] house.
The pilgrims were justly and fairly looked after by the ka'abah in Ma'kkah;
See now the Merciful and the hospitality of the king of "Taybaah" .
You have watched the height of the Ka'abah with a sense of wonder;
See now the majestic dust of the Prophet’s [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] grave in splendor.
You have run between "Safaa And Marwah" to acheive purity;
See now the piety of the path of true love's intensity.
You have seen in "Minaa' the dance of loyal hearts;
See here the fluttering of the lovers' wounded and bleeding hearts.
O Raza! Listen carefully for a moment to what the ka'abah gently cries;
"See the holy grave of my Beloved Prophet [Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] with my eyes!!!!!!
Translation Of Poetry By Imaam Ahmad RAZA….
It is the famous and big graveyard of holy Madinah where some 10,000 companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad [Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] and innumerable successors to the Prophet's companions, successors to the companions' successors, saints, savants, posterity of the Holy Prophet [Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam] which include Hazrat Saiey-yidinaImaam Hasan Mujtabaa, Imaam Zainul Aabideen, Imaam Muhammad Baqar and Imaam Ja'far Saadique (May Allaah be pleased with them) are buried here. But alas, the shrines of all these venerable personages have been demolished.
Masjid-e-Qubaa is the first masjid of Islaam. It is mentioned in the Qur'an as the masjid founded on piety and devoutness. Offering two Rak'at prayer in this masjid earns a believer the rewards equal to that of an 'Umrah's. It is proved by authentic traditions that the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) use to visit this masjid every week. Sometimes he walked on foot and sometimes rode an animal.
The change of Qiblah [the direction in which prayer is offered] towards the holy Ka'bah was commanded in this masjid during prayer. The Holy Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) was leading the prayers and had completed two Rak'ats in the direction of Baitul Muqaddas (Jerusalem) when the command of Allaah Kareem for the change of Qiblah descended. The Holy Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) immediately changed his direction towards the holy Ka'bah [from Baitul Muqaddas] and completed the prayer offering the remaining two Rak'ats in the direction of Ka'bah. It has two "Mehraab" [arches] one in the direction of Baitul Muqaddas and the other towards the sacred Ka'bah. Besides these masajids there are some other masajid of historical significance like Masjid-e-Kabeer, Masjid-e-Jumu'ah, Masjid-e-Shams, Masjid-e-Banee Quraizah, Masjid-e-Ibraaheem, Masjid-e-Zafar, Masjid-ul-Ijaabat, Masjid-e-Fatah, Masjid-e-Banee Haraam, Masjid-e-Zubaab etc.
Reaching "Meeqaat" he should offer two Rak'at prayer with the intention of "Ihraam" and after "Salaam" (completing the prayer) make the intention "Niyat" of, expressing the words of Hajj or 'Umrah as the case may be. Then utter "Labbaiek" (Talbiyaah). In "Qiraan" he should say "Labbaieka Bil 'Umrati wal-Hajj", in "Tamattu" say "Labbaieka Bil 'Umrah and in "Ifraad" say "Labbaieka Bil Hajj".
He must avoid all those things, acts which are forbidden or Makrooh (odious) in the state of Ihraam otherwise the penalty prescribed by the Islamic laws (Shari'ah) will become due whether it is done deliberately or by mistake or under duress or during sleep.
Reaching within the premises of the grand masjid
round the Ka'bah, he should, at the first glance of Holy Ka'bah, make Du'aa with all heart and proceed to "Baabus Salaam" praising and glorifying Allaah Almighty and the Holy Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam). He should kiss it and entering into "Mutaaf' immediately busy himself in performing "Tawaaf' provided that the congregational prayer is not being held at the moment or the time of "Witr" or "Sunnat-e-Muakkadah" is not running out.
He should do "Iztibaa" before the start of/joining congregational prayer and stand towards "Rukn-e-Yamaanee" near "Hajar-e-Aswad" (the black-stone) facing the holy Ka'bah in such a manner as to have the whole Hajar-e-Aswad on his right.
Then he should form Niyat of Tawaaf and walk a little towards his right, with the face remaining towards the Ka'bah, so as to come in front of Hajar-e-Aswad and then he should, raising his hands upto the ears with the palms facing Hajar-e-Aswad, say
"Bismil Laahi wal-Hamdu Lillaahi, wal Laahu Akbaru Wassalaatu Wassalaamu ' Alaa Rasoolil Laah".
Kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad, if possible, otherwise point the hands towards it and kiss them and advance towards the holy Ka'bah reciting
"Al-Laahumma Eimaanam bika wat Tibaa'al-Lisunnati Nabiyeeka Sallal Laahu 'Alaiehi wa Sallam".
Having passed the Hajar-e-Aswad he should begin Tawaaf keeping the sacred Ka'bah on his left in the style of "Ramal".
While passing the "Multazim", "Rukn-e-'Iraaqee", "Meezaab-e-Rahmat" and "Rukn-e-Shaamee" (during the performance of Tawaaf) he should recite particular Du'aa prescribed for each spot,occasion. However, invocation of Allaah's blessings on the Holy Prophet(Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) (recitation of Durood Shareef) on all the spots occasions is much better than praying for oneself.
When he reaches "Rukn-e-Yamaanee" he should touch it as a token of respect and can also kiss if wishes. But pointing of hands towards it and kissing them is not permitted.
On arriving at the spot of "Mustajaab" (from Rukn-e-Yamaanee) he should make Du'aa or recite Durood Shareef which will earn him great blessings.
Du'aa and Durood Shareef should not be recited very loudly but in a low pitch. Not too low to be heard by himself.
On reaching the Hajar-e-Aswad again, his one round of Ka'bah is complete. He should perform seven circuits round the holy Ka'bah in the same way. However, "Ramal" has to be observed in the first three circuits and in the remaining four ones he has to walk with the normal pace.
After completing Tawaaf (performance of seven circuits round the Ka'bah) he should kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad and observe "Istilaam".
He should offer two Rak'at prayer (that is Waajib) at "Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem". If it is odious time let it pass and then offer the prayer and also make Du'aa.
Go to "Multazim" and embrace it near "Aswad".
Then he should go to "Zamzam" well and drink its consecrated water in three breaths to his fill facing the Ka'bah and also pour over himself. Make Du'aa as it is accepted this time.
Proceed to observe "Sa'ee" now or after some rest. For the purpose, he should first kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad then proceed to "Safaa" through "Baabus Safaa" praising Allaah Almighty and making Du'aa. When he reaches such a height, while getting on the stair, that the holy Ka'bah looks, he should turn towards it and busy himself in praising, glorifying and remembering Allaah Almighty, making Du'aa and reciting Durood Shareef for quite a long time.
Then proceed to "Marwah". Reaching the first "Meel" (the spot where green tube-lights are on), he should march briskly upto (beyond) the second "Meel" and then reach the Marwah with the normal walk. He should make Du'aa here facing the Ka'bah.
And then he should go to Safaa similarly and keep running to and fro till the seventh perambulation ending at Marwah.
The performance of the above-mentioned rites and ceremonies i.e.
Tawaaf and Sa'ee is 'Umrah. The Qaarin and Mufarrid who intended for Ifraad should stay in holy Makkah in the state of Ehraam uttering "Labbaiek". But he who intended for Tamattu or for 'Umrah alone should give up "Labbaiek" immediately after kissing the Hajar-e-Aswad at the outset of first round of Tawaaf. After completing Tawaaf and Sa'iee the pilgrim should get his head shaved off or the hair cropped and then take off Ihraam. He must wait in holy Makkah for 18th Zill Hajj to proceed Minaa.
The pilgrim who is not in Ihraam should adopt Ihraam on "Yaumut Tarvi-yah" (8th of Zill Hajj is called by this name) and should depart for Minaa at dawn. He should walk Minaa, if possible, to be easy to reach the destination and also to earn great reward.
He should stay at night in Minaa and offer five obligatory prayers i.e. from Zuhr (of 8th Zill Hajj) to Fajr (of 9th Zill Hajj) in Masjid-e-Kheef. He should, if possible, spend the night of Arafaat awake worshiping and remembering Allaah Kareem.
Proceed to 'Arafaat' at dawn after having offered Fajr prayer at Mustahab (desirable) time remembering Allaah Almighty and reciting Durood Shareef. He should utter "Labbaiek" extensively.
Stay (in 'Arafaat) near "Jabal-e-Rahmat" or where-ever he finds space and spend most of his time till noon in weeping (repenting one's sins and begging forgiveness of Allaah Kareem) giving alms, remembering Allaah Kareem and uttering Labbaiek.
The pilgrim should reach Masjid-e-Namrah soon after the noon is over and proceed to "Mauqif' immediately after offering prayer which is the especial spot for the descent of Divine mercy and blessings. He should busy himself in Zikr and Du'aa standing or sitting. He should pray to Allaah Almighty raising his hands above the head with the palms facing the heavens with full concentration hoping absolution and also busy himself in praising and remembering Allaah Kareem, Takbeer, Labbaiek, Du'aa and seeking forgiveness. This Wuqoof is the soul of and foremost pillar of Hajj.
Proceed, after making sure that the sun has set, to Muzdalifah remembering Almighty Allaah, reciting Durood Shareef, making Du'aa and uttering Labbaiek and stay where-ever he finds space.
Arriving at Muzdalifah, he should offer Maghrib prayer during the time of 'Ishaa. After "Salaam" (completion of prayer) he should offer "Ishaa prayer instantaneously and thereafter offer Sunnat and Witr prayers of Maghrib and 'Ishaa. The pilgrim should try his utmost to offer Maghrib prayer under the leadership of Imaam.
He should spend the remaining part of the night in remembering Almighty Allaah, uttering Labbaiek and reciting Durood Shareef. If not possible, then he should sleep after performing "Wudu" (ablution) and get up in the early dawn. After relieving himself he should offer Fajr prayer in the early time.
When there is left the time equal to what is spent in offering two Rak'at prayer, he should proceed to Minaa and pick up seven pebbles from a clean place here and wash them thrice. It is better if he takes up pebbles for all the three days.
Reaching Minaa, he should first of all observe "Ramee" at "Jamratul Uqubah" and return immediately after finishing it.
Now the pilgrim should sacrifice animal which is an expression of gratitude to Allaah Almighty for enabling him to perform Hajj. Like the Eidul Adha's sacrificial animal, the conditions of age and physical fitness of animal is the same for the animal to be sacrificed on this occasion.
After the sacrifice of animal he should observe "Halq" (get his head shaved off) in sitting position facing the Qiblah. Woman should get her hair trimmed about a segment of her finger.
It is very rewarding for the pilgrim to perform obligatory Tawaaf of the holy Ka'bah on 10th Zilhij as per the prescribed rules but Iztibaa' is not to be observed.
If he cannot perform Tawaaf on 10th then he should do it on 11th or 12th.
Deferring it beyond 12th Zilhij without any valid excuse will make him liable to sacrifice an animal as penalty.
After Tawaaf offer two Rak'at prayer necessarily. Hajj is complete now as this Tawaaf is the second pillar of Hajj.
It is Sunnat to spend 10th, 11th and 12th nights (of Zilhij) in Minaa.
The pilgrim should again go for Ramee on 11th after Zuhr prayer. He should throw pebbles first against "Jamratul Oolaa" and then against Jamratul Wustaa. After Ramee he should make Du'aa and do Istighfaar (seek forgiveness of Allaah Kareem) heart and soul and thereafter throw pebbles against Jamratul Uqubah. He should not stay here but return immediately after Ramee making Du'aa.
Observe Ramee on 12th against all the three Jimaars after Zawaal (decline of the sun) on the same style and leave the spot after Ramee before the sunset for holy Makkah. And when the pilgrim intends to leave for his homeland/home country he should perform Tawaaf-e-Wadaa (farewell circumambulaion of the holy Ka'bah) as his last act. Ramal, Sa’iee and Iztibaa are not observed in this Tawaaf. After performance of Tawaaf he should offer two Rak'at prayer at Maqaam-e-Ibraaheem and then proceed to the well of Zamzam where he should drink the consecrated water and also pour over his body. Thereafter he should kiss the door of the holy Ka'bah and step out of the "Haram" backward (having the face towards the Ka'bah) as a mark of respect.